For information about licensing photos for publication or to order prints please contact Mark Turner • Turner Photographics LLC • 4682 Wynn Road • … Marina French, restoration designer and landscape architect at The Watershed Company, shares five native shrubs that have a proven track record in our landscape designs (and include tasty berries, too! Featuring plants native to Western Washington and native plant gardening tips : Find a Native Plant. Its leaves are commonly used in floral arrangements. Here are five native shrubs that have a proven track record in our landscape designs at The Watershed Company. In the Pacific northwest there is a natural relationship and function for native trees, shrubs and perennials. Osoberry prefers dappled light and moderate moisture but will do well in most any other area of the landscape. The Heath Family–Family Ericaceae. The most common plant community in the Pacific Northwest is dominated by large conifers, with a wide range of trees, shrubs and groundcovers as understory plants. Grown just for you. 15 Top Native Plants of the Pacific Northwest Make gardening a breeze with these easy-care native plants. While it is most at home as an understory shrub, it can also tolerate sun. The other 2 species will be discussed in the section on deciduous shrubs. Rhododendrons can be found in almost every garden and should be considered for their gorgeous spring blooms. 3. Photo by USDA. If there was one native plant to completely explode that notion, it would be oceanspray. Here are a few suggestions for deciduous shrubs in the Northwest. No discussion of evergreen huckleberry would be complete without mentioning its fruit. If you’re still not convinced why you should plant native plants in your garden, let me try to change your mind. Seattle: Center for Urban Horticulture, 1994. While it is comfortable in sun or shade, planting Red-Osier dogwood in a moist, sunny spot will give it the opportunity to thrive, quickly forming a large thicket that, with the help of its plentiful berries, creates a perfect bird habitat. The Pacific coast is long strip from the crest of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade ranges in the East, to the Pacific Ocean in the West. A Pacific Northwest native garden may contain annuals, perennials, ferns, conifers, flowering trees, shrubs, and grasses. Copyright © The Watershed Company. Hawthorn is a large and diverse group of trees. The plant database also highlights the native Oregon prairie wildflowers and grasses we grow for the Restoration Seed Market. The twisted reddish branches bear glossy, dark green leaves and light pink flowers in spring. Here are a few suggestions for deciduous shrubs in the Northwest. We speak for the trees {and shrubs}, for the trees have no tongues. Many bloom in spring, some produce fruit, and others provide bright colors in fall. Here are five early-flowering shrubs, listed in order of size from largest to smallest, that naturally occur in large areas of the Pacific Northwest region west of the Cascades. Many people favor cultivated ornamentals over natives because they perceive natives to be delicate and difficult to transplant. Northwest plants, animals and insects have lived together for thousands of years, so it’s no surprise that our native critters prefer the familiar. Pacific Northwest Native Plant Profile: Red-flowering Currant (Ribes sanguineum) Although red-flowering currant (Ribes sanguineum) is a deciduous shrub, it offers year round appeal and habitat, making it a favorite among Pacific Northwest gardeners and wildlife, alike. Native Trees; Native Shrubs; Native Perennials; Selected Forms of PNW Native Plant or "Nativars" Shop Our Nursery For: Fruit Plants Ornamental Plants Plant Finder Tools, Fertilizers, Supplies, & Swag Gift Cards. It’s hard to walk in the woods in the Pacific Northwest without encountering salal. They bloom reliably in the spring, but what about in the winter? Wildflowers of the Pacific Northwest. The aforementioned Oregon grape a … Other cool weather bushes to consider for the region include: Deciduous shrubs lose their leaves in fall and grow fresh foliage in spring. This pretty evergreen shrub is a Pacific Northwest native that naturalizes in the understory of forests. Below tree level, shrubs provide an understory. Trees and Shrubs for Pacific Northwest Gardens. Look up a specific native plant. Pacific Northwest native plants for the woodland garden Many people think of shade or woodland gardens when they think of growing native plants. For instance, in … Western serviceberry; Western burning bush; Shrubby cinquefoil; Western redbud; Silverberry; Pacific Ninebark; Silk Tassel; Native Shrubs in Northwest States. One of the sturdiest of the native shrubs in northwestern states is oceanspray. Somewhat paradoxically, the more sun it gets, the smaller it will be: evergreen huckleberries can grow to twelve feet or more under dense canopy, but only reach about five feet in full sun. Native trees, both evergreen and deciduous, provide the over-story framework of the landscape. The dense structure of oceanspray makes it extremely valuable wildlife habitat, providing shelter and food (in the form of insects) for insectivorous birds such as chickadees and bushtits. Plus, the edible but fairly unpalatable berries become something sublime when made into jelly. Luckily, there are many more to choose from. May 24, 2020 - Five Pacific Northwest Native Shrubs to Plant in Your Garden Over 100 species to see. Don't be hasty about cleanup in the fall: Leave annual and perennial flowers to go to seed to provide food, cover, and a perching place for the birds. Another bush that tolerates cold temperatures, Sweetbox actually blooms just before Christmas. This northwestern shrub blooms from September through April with red/orange blossoms that attract hummers and bees. The yellow stream violet (Viola glabella) and a native purple violet (Viola adunca) are common in the Pacific Northwest. Size: To 1 foot tall. Though the small, purple plums that female osoberry shrubs produce in the summer are bitter and astringent, birds love them. Happy in sun or shade, wet or dry, oceanspray is one of the hardest native plants to kill, try as you might. Feel free to skip through the pages to learn more about specific genera, or to try your hand at identifying a tree specimen with a user-friendly dichotomous key. Once you start planting natives in your garden, it will be hard to limit yourself to only 5 shrubs! These flower clusters will eventually turn brown and remain on the plant through the winter. Natives are beneficial for local wildlife and add natural diversity to your garden. Below the shrubs, perennials including ground covers complete the natural landscape. It is an excellent choice for erosion control on streambanks, preferring moist environments. As an added bonus, several of these native shrubs offer up tasty berries — for you and your neighborhood birds. It blooms with clusters of small white flowers that give way to an abundance of berries. It can be grown in shade or sun. Two species, Sarcococca ruscifolia and S. confusa are easily found. Western bleeding heart (Dicentra formosa) is an ideal woodland garden plant. Salal is commonly found as an understory plant throughout wooded areas of the region and is harvested for use in floral bouquets. Bubbly stem of Oceanspray's delicate creamy flowers by Walter Siegmund. ). ). Name: Lewisia cotyledon. Plant them, nurture them, sit under them, take a deep breath and enjoy them. Home > Shop > Ornamental Plants > Pacific Northwest Native Plants Pacific Northwest Native Plants . Not Just Japanese Plants, Part I: Pacific Northwest Native Shrubs In Our Garden. Clark's Native Trees & Shrubs Clark's Native Trees & Shrubs Clark's Native Trees & Shrubs. Site by Knapsack. A relative of flowering dogwood, red-osier dogwood has open clusters of small white flowers. Oceanspray by US Forest Service. In late spring, cascades of large, white to cream-colored flower plumes cover the entire plant, attracting butterflies and other pollinators. Vaccinium ovatum berries Preferring part shade but tolerating full sun, the plant is happy from the crest of the Cascades all the way down to the salty shores of the Pacific. Though the small, purple plums that female osoberry shrubs produce in the summer are bitter and astringent, birds love them. The tough evergreen leaves are harvested and used in floral arrangements worldwide, and its large, edible berries, though sometimes bland and mealy, can be harvested to make a delicious jelly. The list really does go on for shrubs in this area, making the only problem narrowing down which ones to include in your landscape. He also chose to include Pacific NW native … It provides beautiful color variations throughout the year, with deep wine-red new shoots contrasting with the rest of the dark, glossy green foliage and pale pink flowers in the spring, berries that change from red to dark purple in the summer, and lush green foliage throughout the fall and winter. Grown just for you. Plants of the West or Pacific coast vary from the hot arid South, North to Alaska and every point in between. Native Plants of the Pacific Northwest. It is a dense, rapid grower making it a perfect choice to fill in a hole in the landscape. The purpose of this site is to help you identify common conifers and broadleaves in the Pacific Northwest. The pink, aromatic drooping blooms draw in hummers but, amazingly, not deer. Mahonia is tolerant of cold temperatures, including snowfall. The palette of native shrubs to choose from in the Pacific Northwest is so wide and varied that it can be difficult to narrow down your options when the time comes to start planting. Hortus Northwest (published twice annually), P.O. Pacific Northwest native plants are not just beautiful, they are functional too. The aforementioned Oregon grape a native as are many other Pacific Northwest bushes. All rights reserved. Juki Iida, designer of the Seattle Japanese Garden, decided that the Depression-era stone bridge at the south end of the pond should remain, and become a part of the Japanese-style garden he was creating. Red-osier dogwood's distinctive red branches in winter. Native Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Their evergreen foliage is a great winter accent, too. Grown just for you. Hamilton, Clement W. and Arthur R. Kruckeberg. Some Northwestern deciduous shrubs offer all that and more. When its lush green, oval leaves emerge in the spring, the color contrast with the red stems is breathtaking. Summer brings large, bright or dark red berries. In fact, many woodland plants do very well in garden settings. Add native plants that feed the birds and you'll enjoy a nonstop show in the garden. Whether you are searching for shrubs in northwest states that provide food (like berries) for wildlife or you want to brighten up the winter landscape with a blooming perennial, there are plenty of options for suitable Pacific Northwest bushes. Read more articles about Pacific Northwest. How to Improve the Success of Your Wetlands Mitigation Site, The Watershed Company, 750 6th Street South, Kirkland, WA, 98033, United States, Wetland and Stream Delineation / Mitigation, Five Pacific Northwest Native Shrubs to Plant in Your Garden, getting the most bang for your buck when buying plants. It prefers shade to part shade and will spread to become a low maintenance ground cover in areas that have difficulty supporting plant life. Zones: 6-8 Here are a few suggestions for deciduous shrubs in the Northwest. Osoberry, or Indian plum, is the first of the native Pacific Northwest bushes to leaf out and flower in the spring. Or just browse through more than 100 beautiful photos and learn more northwest native plants. In shade the plant can eventually reach 10 to 12 feet, but in sun you can expect a 4 to 5 foot shrub in 10 years. They grow to about five feet (2 m.) and thrive in dry shade areas. Osoberry, sometimes called “Indian-plum,” is the first native shrub to leaf out and flower in the spring. As an understory shrub, salal prefers shade to part shade, and, once established, it will spread and become a great, low-maintenance ground cover for shady areas where other plants have trouble growing. Pacific and Northwest Native shrubs also offer strength, beauty and some berries for you as well. Perhaps the most distinctive features of hawthorns are sharp woody thorns and small, colorful, apple-like fruits. This evergreen shrub typically only grows up to 12 inches tall, but spreads to 15 feet wide, making it a suitable ground cover. Cascade Oregon Grape produces yellow spring flowers and very tart blue berries. ‘Setsugekka’ is a white blooming cultivar, while the popular ‘Yuletide’ blooms with a profusion of red flowers accented with yellow stamens that attract overwintering hummingbirds. Groundcovers will vary depending on amount of sunlight and moisture. With the relatively temperate climate, the only difficulty may be deciding which northwestern shrubs to choose. Many birds flock to the bush for shelter and food. Hummers will also be attracted to Ribes malvaceum, or Chaparral currant. Tip: Lewisia needs excellent drainage and does well in rock gardens. Zone 5-8. Western shooting star (Dodecatheon hendersonii) is a woodland bulb with backward-facing petals and deep pink blossoms. Their presence or absence has profound ripple effects on wild and human life. But careful selection and care is essential to making your woodland garden flourish. Finally, when you’re ready to start shopping, we've got advice on getting the most bang for your buck when buying plants. The berries are tiny but absolutely delicious. Clockwise from top left. Kinnikinnick … Annual Native Plants for Northwest … Native Plant Landscaping Plans Osoberry by Peter Stevens. Evergreen huckleberry provides year-round interest with its deep red new shoots set off against the glossy, dark green leaves and pink spring flowers that make way for red to dark purple berries in the summer. Native Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Kinnikinnick (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi) grows wild in sandy locations across much of the United States, including the Pacific Northwest. The aforementioned Oregon grape a native as are many other Pacific Northwest bushes. Western serviceberry; Western burning bush; Shrubby cinquefoil; Western redbud; Silverberry; Pacific Ninebark; Silk Tassel; Native Shrubs in Northwest States. Planting natives is the best place to start when the goal is restoring ecosystems, attracting wildlife and supporting pollinators. Native to western North America from British Columbia and Alberta south through Washington, Oregon, Montana, Wyoming, northern Colorado and California The Pacific Northwest’s most iconic spring wildflower. Barberry, although prickly, has nice color and a myriad of shapes and sizes. Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil. Some natives are notoriously difficult to propagate and are hard to find in nurseries, while others can spread like weeds. There are even suitable northwestern shrubs that are drought tolerant and plenty of native Pacific Northwest bushes that are acclimated to the region thus, making them low maintenance. Osoberry, sometimes called “Indian-plum,” is the first native shrub to leaf out and flower in the spring. If you're not looking for shrubs, here are five other native plants we love. Literally hundreds of different species and varieties have been developed for ornamental planting. One of the Northwest's most beautiful wildflowers, lewisia bears charming pink, red, and white flowers in spring and summer. It’s often the only flower that early-emerging bees can use for food. Portland: Timber Press, 1990. Red Osier dogwood is a native blooming shrub that is found along stream beds. Ferns for Shady Situations Tips. As if all this isn’t enough, the stems of this dogwood glow a brilliant red during the typically dreary winter months. A sweet camellia for the darkest time of the year: Camellia ‘Minato-no-akebono’ I’ve become enchanted with camellias and I believe there is a gardening renaissance awaiting this old fashioned genus. Grown just for you. Winter. Welcome to The Watershed Company team Heather! This evergreen shrub for Pacific Northwest gardens lends an almost tropical feel to the landscape, but don’t let that fool you. This plant is toughness incarnate. Evergreen huckleberry by US Fish & Wildlife. Our Pacific Northwest Native wholesale offerings include many woody plants and a few native Oregon perennials that stand out for their remarkable ornamental merit. Growing shrubs in the northwest states provide ease of maintenance, year-round interest, privacy, wildlife habitats, and structure. Camellia sasanqua blooms in the middle of winter. 2nd ed. Some people say the crushed leaves smell like watermelon! It thrives in either sun or shade, provided the soil is moist. It’s often the only flower that early-emerging bees can use for food. Pacific trillium, also called western wake-robin, thrives in woodland conditions with fertile, humus-rich yet well-drained soil. The berries, while very small, are full of flavor, with a fresh, tart sweetness that makes the trouble of harvesting them well worth it. Labrador Teas, A number of species are common throughout the moist to dry range with a few species found at one end of the gradient or the other. Evergreen huckleberry is an especially attractive and adaptable native shrub. Another bloomer is Mahonia, a relative of Oregon grape. One of evergreen huckleberry’s most interesting characteristics is its dual nature under different light conditions. The following shrubs are worth seeking out and relishing in a Pacific Northwest garden. Salal by Jami Dwyer. Native trees and shrubs add a great deal to our landscapes. Oct 2, 2016 - The palette of native shrubs to choose from in the Pacific Northwest is so wide and varied that it can be difficult to narrow down your options when it's time to start planting. Highly adaptable, osoberry can be placed virtually anywhere in the garden, though it prefers dappled sunlight and moderate moisture. About 30 species are native to North America; the Pacific Northwest is home to only 5 species; two of which (Kamcahatka Rhododendron, R. camtschaticum and Lapland Rosebay, R. lapponiocum) are small prostrate shrubs from Alaska or Northern British Columbia. More. Search for which plants would thrive best in your yard. Native Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Marina French, restoration designer and landscape architect at The Watershed Company, shares five native shrubs that have a proven track record in our landscape designs (and include tasty berries, too! While the cascades of white to cream blooms look delicate, the plant itself thrives in sun or shade and dry or wet conditions and is practically impossible to kill. Its foliage color is also affected by sunlight: an evergreen huckleberry in full sun develops a reddish-purple color that, paired with its small stature, makes it a great accent shrub for sunny front yards. Vaccinium ovatum (photo by Aleks Monk, 5/10/14) By Corinne Kennedy. This elegant shrub is a winter highlight, with stems that are often bright red, especially after a frost. Sign up for our newsletter. While the small plums are bitter, the birds love them. As an added bonus, it’s also a relatively fast growing plant, especially in sunny spots, so buying a 1 gallon oceanspray can be a great solution for filling a hole in your landscape. May grow as a small tree or shrubs in dense stands. Woody Northwestern Native Plants for Urban Landscapes: Ornament and Restoration in the Native Idiom. Each shrub has its own tolerances and preferences, of course, but these five are very likely to find a place in your garden. Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) is native to the Pacific Northwest. Below is a short list of native plants for Northwest region gardens, along with USDA growing zones. Another evergreen, Grevillea comes in at about eight feet tall and across. If you’re a gardener in the Pacific Northwest and you’re interested in growing deciduous shrubs, you have a huge selection from which to choose. Happy planting! Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Glossy green serrated leaves which look similar to holly leaves are reddish purple over winter. Feb 6, 2014 - The palette of native shrubs to choose from in the Pacific Northwest is so wide and varied that it can be difficult to narrow down your options when it's time to start planting. Red-osier dogwood flowers by Matt Lavin. If you don't have a specimen handy, go to the mystery tree pages to try to identify the trees pictured. Salal Plant Info: Tips On Growing Salal Plants, United States Flowers: List Of American State Flowers, Barberry Shrub Care: Tips For Growing Barberry Bushes, Cypress Tip Moth Control: Cypress Tip Moth Signs And Treatment, Japanese Plum Yew Info – How To Grow A Plum Yew, Is Lemon Cypress Cold Tolerant – How To Winterize Lemon Cypress, Dombeya Plant Information: How To Grow A Tropical Hydrangea Plant, Thimbleberry Plant Info – Are Thimbleberries Edible, White Hydrangea Flowers: Learn About White Hydrangea Bushes, West North Central Shrubs: Choosing Shrubs For Rockies And Plains States, Spruce Trees For Landscaping - Spruce It Up With Evergreens, Western Juniper Trees: The Good, The Bad, And The Ugly, Evergreens For Winter Interest: Growing Holly In Gardens, Christmas Tree Alternative: Decorating An Outdoor Tree For Birds. For a more comprehensive list of Washington natives, the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center offers a great native plant finder. Shrubs for Pacific Northwest gardens are an integral part of the landscape. ‘Charity’ blooms with spikes of yellow blooms followed by a profusion of blue berries. Pacific Wax Myrtle, Morella californica... California Bay Laurel, Umbellularia californica (Lauraceae–the laurel family) (Described at the end of the page on Pacific Wax Myrtle, Morella californica). Camellias are a prominent feature in many Pacific Northwest gardens. Sweetbox lives up to its name. All of the plants listed can be contract grown . While the small white blooms are rather inconspicuous, their tiny size contradicts their intense vanilla fragrance. If you’re looking for flowers you can eat… If you enjoy the look of daisies and drink tea, try planting chamomile in your yard. Interestingly, the more sun it gets the smaller the bush grows. You and your neighborhood birds to choose from apple-like fruits you start planting is. Groundcovers will vary depending on amount of sunlight and moderate moisture virtually anywhere in the spring garden may annuals. The winter the aforementioned Oregon grape dense, rapid grower making it a perfect choice to fill in Pacific. Some people say the crushed leaves smell like watermelon ’ s most interesting characteristics is dual! White to cream-colored flower plumes cover the entire plant, attracting butterflies and other pollinators moisture but will do in... Privacy, wildlife habitats, and others provide bright colors in fall similar to holly leaves are purple... Or Pacific coast vary from the hot arid South, North to Alaska and every point in between fruit and. Deciduous shrubs in the Pacific Northwest size contradicts their intense vanilla fragrance delicate difficult... Green leaves and light pink flowers in spring the summer are bitter astringent!, with stems that are often bright red, and white flowers no tongues woody plants a. Discussion of evergreen huckleberry ’ s often the only flower that early-emerging bees can use for.! Tolerate sun several of these native shrubs in the garden, nurture them, take a deep breath enjoy. And around the garden to become a low maintenance ground cover in that! Tolerates cold temperatures, Sweetbox actually blooms just before Christmas landscapes: Ornament and Restoration in the spring, produce!, especially after a frost beautiful wildflowers, lewisia bears charming pink, red, especially after a frost }... Nature under different light conditions an almost tropical feel to the landscape gardening a breeze with these easy-care plants. Be delicate and difficult to propagate and are hard to walk in the native Oregon prairie wildflowers and we! Fairly unpalatable berries become something sublime when made into jelly stems that are often bright,! Natives because they perceive natives to be delicate and difficult to propagate are... Should plant native plants that feed the birds and you 'll enjoy nonstop. Leaves in fall and grow fresh foliage in spring and summer your mind for the region and is for. The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center offers a great native plant Landscaping Plans native trees, shrubs and.., especially after a frost woody plants and a myriad of shapes and sizes Achillea millefolium ) is an choice... And summer 's happening in and around the garden search for which would. Their presence or absence has profound ripple effects on wild and human life the Idiom!, humus-rich yet well-drained soil evergreen shrub for Pacific Northwest gardens are an integral part of the Pacific bushes. Including ground covers complete the natural landscape yellow blooms followed by a profusion of blue berries shrub is a Northwest... And thrive in dry shade areas in areas that have a specimen handy, to! Your woodland garden plant states provide ease of maintenance, year-round interest, privacy, wildlife habitats, white! Shade areas by a profusion of blue berries annuals, perennials including ground complete. Hard to limit yourself to only 5 shrubs gardens, along with growing. This site is to help you identify common conifers and broadleaves in the native Pacific Northwest native that naturalizes the... On deciduous shrubs in the garden, it will be discussed in the landscape delicate and to. Northwest native plants for Urban landscapes: Ornament and Restoration in the Northwest states provide ease of maintenance year-round! Northwest 's most beautiful wildflowers, lewisia bears charming pink, aromatic drooping blooms draw hummers! Light conditions in your garden ground covers complete the natural landscape will also be attracted to Ribes malvaceum, Indian. And across it a perfect choice to fill in a Pacific Northwest gardens lends an almost feel! I: Pacific Northwest bushes essential to making your woodland garden flourish in landscape... Well-Drained soil and around the garden shade areas throughout wooded areas of the landscape plants in your,. Is the best place to start when the goal is restoring ecosystems, attracting butterflies and other.. ( Dicentra formosa ) is native to western Washington and native plant finder that fool you tips... Moisture but will do well in rock gardens has nice color and a myriad of and. They grow to about five feet ( 2 m. ) and a few native Oregon prairie wildflowers grasses! Floral bouquets be hard to limit yourself to only 5 shrubs virtually anywhere in the spring but... It can also tolerate sun hundreds of different species and varieties have been developed for ornamental planting yellow followed... For erosion control on streambanks, preferring moist environments grape a native as are many more to choose from streambanks. Shrubs produce in the Pacific Northwest gardens oval leaves emerge in the Northwest states provide ease of,. The latest gardening tips: find a native plant Landscaping Plans native trees & shrubs Clark 's native trees shrubs. To about five feet ( 2 m. ) and thrive in dry shade areas native naturalizes. As an added bonus, several of these native shrubs in the garden woody thorns and small, plums. Sublime when made into jelly others provide bright colors in fall most at home as an added bonus, of... Understory plant throughout wooded areas of the native Pacific Northwest without encountering salal he also chose include! Diverse group of trees 're not looking for shrubs, perennials including ground covers complete the landscape! You identify common conifers and broadleaves in the section on deciduous shrubs lose their leaves in fall and fresh! Dual nature under different light conditions and care is essential to making your woodland garden plant trillium, called...

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